Leading Insights

Leading Insights
  • Toufic A. Chaaban, MD Neurocritical care units are becoming the standard of care in referral centers for acute brain injury patients in North America 1,2 . There is now ample evidence that neurocritical care improves overall and neurological outcomes 3 of critically ill neurological patients, decreases mortality 3-5 , and shortens hospital stay 4 . This evidence emerged from specialized centers mainly in North America and Europe, but the worldwide implementation of neurocritical care units is lagging. In the following article, the challenges and ...

  • Logan Pyle, Vasisht Srinivasan, Kelly Rath, Jordan Bonomo Case Details A 30-year-old man with a past medical history of polysubstance drug abuse, chronic Candida bacteremia and endocarditis status post mitral valve (MV) replacement, prior right middle cerebral artery stroke, and left posterior cerebral artery aneurysm rupture (presumed mycotic) presented to an academic tertiary care hospital in January 2020 with abdominal pain and transaminitis after coil embolization for hepatic pseudoaneurysm. While on the surgical service he developed acute ...

  • Stories of Hope: Alex

    Blog Entry

    Robert Alexander Bodroghy, MD,  PGY-2 Neurology Resident, Temple University Lauren Koffman DO, MS Assistant Professor of Neurology, Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA The word summertime usually evokes thoughts of vacations, outdoor activities, and a more easy-going lifestyle, especially for college aged kids. June 5, 2011, put an unexpected end to the spoils of my summertime fun. I was nineteen years old and had just finished my first semester of undergraduate studies, with a major in athletic training. The last exam I took was ...

  • Peter J. Papadakos MD, FCCM, FCCP, FAARC, FNIV The worldwide pandemic has developed many stressors on those in the Neuro ICU, such as taking care of critically ill non-Neuro Patients outside of normal comfort level, overworked staff, and working in areas we have not normally had too: such as caring for patients in overflow ICU’s such as recovery rooms. It has also brought into focus an already identified problem, that of ICU staff burnout. The literature defines burnout as “exhaustion of physical or emotional strength or motivation, usually the result ...

  • Jennifer Mears, PA, Weill Cornell Medicine/New York-Presbyterian Hospital Judy Ch’ang, MD, Weill Cornell Medicine/New York-Presbyterian Hospital Introduction   The incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients who develop Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is approximately 4-15%. 1 Vasospasm is another common complication of SAH. Treatments of vasospasm can compromise cardiac function. 2 This case report suggests cardiac point of care ultrasound (cPOCUS) may be assistive in frequent monitoring of cardiac status and management ...

  • Co-Chairs of the Member Sites Module Chethan Venkatasubba Rao, MD, FNCS cprao@bcm.edu Briana Witherspoon, DNP, APRN, ACNP Briana.Witherspoon@UTSouthwestern.edu Curing Coma®  is the signature clinical, scientific, and public health effort of the Neurocritical Care Society. Curing Coma is comprised of several modules, all of which share the common goal of advancing the campaign’s mission (1, 2). The role of the Member Sites module is to create and maintain a platform that engages and facilitates multidisciplinary participation from ...

  • Diane McLaughlin, DNP, UF Health Jacksonville, Department of Neurology and Kimberly McPhearson, DO, Mayo Clinic Jacksonville, Department of Critical Care Neurological checks (neuro checks) are brief, serial bedside exams performed by nursing to evaluate for changes in clinical status or neurological function. Historically conducted hourly in the neuroscience intensive care unit (NSICU), patients undergo these evaluations regardless of the time of day. A typical neuro check often includes assessment for pupillary response and level of consciousness, ...

  • By Yingying Su In 2012, the brain injury evaluation quality control center of the National Health Commission of the people's Republic of China (BQCC / PRC / NHC) was established and attached to Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University. So far, the standardized training of brain death (BD) determination in China has gone through a ten-year journey. In the past ten years, we have completed two "five-year plans," and implemented the “Xinghuo” training plan and the “Liaoyuan” training plan.   The training objectives of the “Xinghuo” training program ...

  • By Jocelyn Owusu-Guha, PharmD, BCCCP and Pamela L. Buschur, PharmD, BCPS, OhioHealth Riverside Methodist Hospital, Columbus Ohio Nimodipine, a lipophilic calcium channel antagonist, has been established as a standard of care in the management of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 1988, nimodipine has been shown in multiple clinical trials to decrease the incidence of delayed cerebral ischemia and improve neurological outcomes. 1-2 The current American Heart Association and American Stroke Association ...

  • By: NCS Research Operations Subcommittee: Caitlin Brown PharmD, Michelle Schober MD, Shraddha Mainali MD, Cassia Righy MD, Minjee Kim MD, Tom Lawson CNP, Jennifer Kim MD, PhD, Ruchi Jha MD Can you tell me a little about yourself and how you got involved in the Neurocritical Care Society?   I am a Pediatric Neurointensivist and Associate Professor of Pediatric Critical Care Medicine at Primary Children’s Hospital.  I grew up in the United States and Colombia and completed all my medical training in both countries.  During my pediatric critical ...

  • Yasser B. Abulhasan, MBChB, FRCPC, FNCS, Chairman, Neurocritical Care-MENA Chapter of IPACCMS It was a great pleasure organizing the 2 nd Neurocritical Care Regional Meeting in the Middle East and Africa in conjunction with the 17 th edition of the Emirates Critical Care Conference (ECCC). The meeting got delayed by more than a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic, ultimately taking place in a hybrid format (both in person and virtual) on June 18 and 19, 2021. This was a challenging yet exciting event from the start. We wanted to exceed expectations ...

  • Ryan Hakimi, DO, MS, NVS, RPNI, CPB, FNCS This series will be a running feature highlighting billing, coding, practice management, and other business aspects of neurocritical care. When assembling and organizing a Neuro ICU team, one must begin with the end in mind. It is important to note that each organization defines financial success of the Neuro ICU differently. To meet the organization’s marker of success, one must first determine how it is defined by the organization and then adapt staffing and documentation to best meet these goals while ...

  • Misti Tuppeny & Kelly A. Rath  On Behalf of the NCS APP Leadership Section & NCS Ethics Committee: Ethics Committee Chair/Chair Elect: Stephen Trevick, Jamie Nicole LaBuzetta APP Leadership Section Chair/Chair Elect: Rachel Hausladen, Ana Kukulj   Healthcare through the 20 th and 21 st centuries has seen significant change and growth, and through this evolution, the role of the advanced practice provider (APP) developed to fill a need for equitable access to quality patient care. The term advanced practice provider encompasses nurse practitioners ...

  • Salia Farrokh, Lucia Rivera Lara, Jon Cokley and Hana Nobleza Specialized neurocritical care teams have been found to improve outcomes such as mortality, length of stay, and discharge dispositions for patients who are both neurologically devastated and critically-ill. These teams within the Neurocritical Care Unit (NCCU) can comprise an attending neurointensivist, trainees (fellows, residents, and medical students), a dedicated pharmacist, advanced practice providers (APP), a respiratory therapist, and others. It has been reported that a dedicated ...

  • By: Jose Miguel Medrano, MD, FPNA; Joanne Robles, MD, FPNA; Isabelita Rogado, RN, MAAN; Geraldine Siena Mariano, MD, FPNA, FPCP, FNCS, FPSCCM   COVID-19 has put a spotlight on the importance of excellent, holistic, multidisciplinary critical care; despite this pandemic, there remains a steady influx of patients with cerebrovascular disease, traumatic brain injury and other severe neurological diseases. It is during this era that neurocritical care continues to adapt, grow and evolve, addressing the ever more complex needs of these most critical ...

  • Stories of Hope: Benjamin

    Blog Entry

    Scott DeBoer, MD, PHD Medstar Franklin Square Medical Center Department of Neurology, Georgetown School of Medicine Cari Tobin, PA-C Medstar Franklin Square Medical Center Lauren Koffman DO, MS In 1989 when Benjamin Peace was 29 years old, he had a dental infection that spread to two of his heart valves, known as endocarditis.  Unfortunately, the infection in his heart caused a stroke and left him unable to use the left side of his body.  He was told he had a 50/50 chance of being able to walk again. Treatment of the infection required ...

  • Blog Entry

    Gabrielle Horstman, MD/PhD This month we would like to highlight one of the new programs launched this year by the Inclusion in Neurocritical Care (INCC)  Committee– The INCC Virtual Book Club! This program was created in response to multiple requests from members like you during the 2020 Annual meeting. Fully embracing the virtual nature of the meeting, the idea for a book club stemmed from a very active chat discussion during the Women In Neurocritical Care (WINCC) keynote address given by Dr. Chere Chase-Gregory where she illustrated her personal ...

  • Blog Entry

    Richard Leston,  APP Supervisor, Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Preceptor of APP Neurosurgery Clerkship With: Alexis Catania, PA & Krista O’Leary PA-S South Shore University Hospital was preparing to open its brand-new Neuro ICU in March of 2020, eager to become a major neuroscience center in Suffolk County, New York. This effort involved a rapid expansion of the neurosurgery department, adding a team of neurointensivists, and quadrupling the APP staff over the course of one year.  Unfortunately, COVID-19 delayed the launch of our ICU while we ...

  • Zachary Threlkeld, MD, Ahmad Riad Ramadan, MD, Sara Hefton, MD, Starane Shepherd, MD, H.E. Hinson, MD INCC Sexual and Gender Minority Subcommittee As part of broader diversity, equity, and inclusion efforts within NCS, the Sexual and Gender Minority (SGM) subcommittee of the Inclusion in Neurocritical Care Committee (INCC) aspires to raise awareness about and mitigate health disparities in SGM individuals, support development of culturally sensitive neurocritical care, and promote the recruitment and retention of SGM individuals who are historically ...

  • Jon Rosenberg, MD, Weill Cornell Medicine/New York-Presbyterian Hospital Laura Chen, DO, Weill Cornell Medicine/New York-Presbyterian Hospital Judy Ch’ang, MD, Weill Cornell Medicine/New York-Presbyterian Hospital A 34-year-old man presented with a high-grade traumatic brain injury (TBI) after being struck by a motor vehicle. In the emergency department he had a GCS of 3 and was intubated for airway protection. His initial CT showed bilateral frontal subarachnoid hemorrhage, left subdural hematoma and temporal contusion with effacement ...

  • Bryan Boling, DNP, University of Kentucky Jennifer Mears, PA, Weill Cornell Medicine/New York-Presbyterian Hospital Aarti Sarwal, MD, Wake Forest Baptist Health Judy Ch’ang, MD, Weill Cornell Medicine/New York-Presbyterian Hospital Point-of-care-ultrasound (POCUS) is an indispensable tool used in the diagnosis, screening, procedural guidance, and management of critically ill patients across the world. Unlike other imaging modalities, POCUS is performed and interpreted by the intensivist at the bedside, enabling real-time management ...

  • Blog Entry

    Peter J. Papadakos MD, FCCM, FCCP, FAARC, FNIV Over the last decade, many unregulated drugs have appeared on the marketplace and have adversely affected our patients. We are all familiar with artificial marijuana which were sold in thousands of convenience stores throughout the country. These synthetic cannabinoids sold with catchy names such as K2, Spice, Scooby, Bizzaro or Snzx. The FDA acted rapidly to educate the public and make them illegal. They impacted our ICU’s with seizures, unconscious, delirium, aggressive and combative behavior, and the ...

  • Shweta Goswami, MD, University of Florida Sasha Yakhkind, MD, University of Pennsylvania Every year, neurology residents combine the wisdom of their mentors, their experience, their passion, and their personalities to guide them in the decision of sub-specialization. In 2017, 90% of neurology residents planned to complete fellowship before going into practice (1), and the process of application into subspecialty training is nuanced and evolving. Neurocritical care fellowship is part of the United Council for Neurologic Specialties (UCNS), and the ...

  • Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar, MD Critical Care Unit, Bogotá, Colombia Centro Policlínico del Olaya I ván David Lozada-Martínez, MS University of Cartagena Cartagena, Colombia View Blog in English Las enfermedades neurológicas y neuroquirúrgicas son una de las principales causas de morbilidad y mortalidad en todo el mundo, y América Latina no es una excepción [1-3]. La incorporación de la atención neurocrítica ha representado un cambio de paradigma en el manejo de estas enfermedades [4]. Sin embargo, el advenimiento de la reciente ...

  • Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar, MD Critical Care Unit, Bogotá, Colombia Centro Policlínico del Olaya I ván David Lozada-Martínez, MS University of Cartagena Cartagena, Colombia Blog en Español Neurological and neurosurgical diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and Latin America is no exception [1-3]. The incorporation of neurocritical care has represented a paradigm shift in the management of these diseases [4]. However, the advent of the recent pandemic represented a series of challenges for neurocritical ...

  • Blog Entry

    Shivani Ghoshal, MD Currents is excited to launch a new Arts Corner to recognize visual, performing, and creative artworks pertaining to neurocritical care, as well as makers within our own community. The practice of neurocritical care is as humbling as it is rewarding, and requires mindfulness both of oneself and one’s peers. We hope this corner will be a step toward recognizing creative outlets for NCS members and bringing our community closer together even while we are apart.  For its debut, we’d like to introduce Shivani Ghoshal, a neuro-intensivist ...

  • Blog Entry

    By Yingying Su, MD, Neuro ICU Professor, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University In 1998, when the neuro ICU of Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University was established, we initiated a research project with the Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission—a study of bedside brain injury monitoring, evaluation, and brain protection treatment. Since then, with the support of nine scientific research projects, we have carried out studies of neuro-electrophysiology (EEG, EPs and ERPs), neuro-biochemical markers (S-100 and NSE), cerebral ...

  • Richard Choi, DO Please note this opinion piece reflects the views of the author and does not necessarily reflect the position of ChristianaCare.   The recent wave of increased social and racial injustice awareness as well as the significant increase in anti-Asian hate crimes 1 have had me reflecting on my life-long cultural and racial experiences.  As a Chinese-Korean American child growing up in Spain in the 80s and 90s, I unfortunately became accustomed to experiencing racist behaviors and slurs such as people holding their eyes in a slanted-eye ...

  • Ryan Hakimi, DO, MS, NVS, RPNI, CPB, FNCS This series will be a running feature highlighting billing, coding, practice management, and other business aspects of neurocritical care.  Although all of us received extensive education and training in the care of neurocritical care patients, few if any of us received any training on the non-patient care aspects of our daily jobs. The goal of this series will be to increase your value as a neurocritical care provider to your organization while improving regulatory compliance and hospital-based metrics. ...

  • J. Spencer Dingman, PharmD, BCCCP Neurocritical Care Pharmacy Specialist Wesley Medical Center, Wichita, KS James.dingman@wesleymc.com Brian W. Gilbert, PharmD, BCCCP, BCPS Emergency Medicine Pharmacy Specialist Wesley Medical Center, Wichita, KS Brian.gilbert@wesleymc.com With Sean Di Paola, PA-C, MPAS Emergency Medicine Physician Assistant Wesley Medical Center, Wichita, KS Sean.dipaola@carepointhc.com Christopher D. Cassidy, MD Emergency Medicine Physician Wesley Medical Center, Wichita, KS Christopher.cassidy@carepointhc.com ...

  • Dyan Fleming, PharmD, BCPS, BCCCPS Treating neurocritical care patients in Alaska, land of the midnight sun, comes with unique geographical, environmental, and seasonal challenges. Navigating these challenges requires careful planning coupled with complex coordination of medical care to minimize delays and optimize patient outcomes as much as possible through all transitions and levels of care.  Alaskans are resilient when it comes to dealing with crises in the harsh elements and sometimes “wild” remoteness.  Can you imagine for a minute- it’s ...

  • Stories of Hope: Naema

    Blog Entry

    Bindi Parikh, MD, Neurology Resident, University of Minnesota Christine Yeager, MD, Assistant Professor of Neurology, University of Minnesota     Section Editor Lauren Koffman, DO, MS One Thursday, amidst the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic, Naema had been working from home as a student advisor and was carrying out her usual activities. Though she did not feel quite herself, she drove herself to take care of errands and later went outside for a run. She recalls, “I was feeling off, my appetite was off. I didn’t know at the time that ...

  • By Sana Alkhawaja, MD, CABEM; Nehad Al Shirawi, MD, MRCP; Hasan Mohammed Naser, MBBS, Najat S. Hameed Naser, RN; Asrar A. Majeed Al Asheeri, RN; Redha Abdulla Al Hammam, RN; Amina Maki Husain, RN  The Kingdom of Bahrain, home of the ancient Dilmun civilization, is a Middle Eastern island situated in the Arabian Gulf. Bahrain is made up of an archipelago of 33 natural islands. The capital city of Manama lies in the heart of the island, the most densely populated area, with over two thirds of Bahrain’s 1.7 million people residing there. The total land ...

  • By Peter J Papadakos, MD, FCCM, FCCP, FAARC, FNIV During the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic, critical care practitioners throughout the United States and the world were instructed by health agencies, government leaders and hospital administration to ban family members from visiting critically ill patients.  The question I ask, along with many of my critical care peers, is - did we do more harm than good to our patients and their families?  How did the rush to deal with this pandemic and flatten the curve affect our bedside care?  Did what these leaders ...

  • By Kia Ghiassi, Department of Neurology, Missouri University, Columbia Missouri;  Jesyree Veitia, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela; and Francisco Gomez, Department of Neurology, Missouri University, Columbia Missouri Adequate cerebral blood flow (CBF) is a key component in ensuring optimal oxygen delivery to brain parenchyma, considered a biomarker of tisular health and function with clinical utility. CBF when combined with MAP allows for inference of cerebral autoregulation, as a measure recommended by the NCS and European Society ...

  • By Michael Diringer, MD The financial infrastructure for scientific publishing is being completely transformed by a desire to ensure that scientific knowledge is freely accessible to all.  The power behind this transformation resides with those who fund research; they are insisting that reports of work they fund be freely and immediately available.  In the past, scientists published their research in journals at no cost, and publishers made money by charging individuals, universities, and other institutions for subscriptions.  The new concept, referred ...

  • Blog Entry

    By Jamie Nicole LaBuzetta, MD, MSc, MPhil, Division of Neurocritical Care,Department of Neurosciences, UC San Diego Health In the early 1990s, most physicians were Republicans.  Three decades later, the demographic composition of the medical workforce has shifted 1, 2 , and so has the overall political alignment of physicians. Now, physicians are roughly split between the two major political parties, though data suggest that some specialties have political tendencies; for instance, practitioners in fields such as surgery lean Republican, whereas those ...

  • By Tommy T. Thomas, MD, PhD; Ebonye Green MNSc, ACNPC-AC, CNRN, SCRN, APRN; Deepa Malaiyandi, MD and Hana Nobleza, MD Some of us watched the videos. A doctor’s cry for help from the very medical establishment to which she belongs. A CEO expresses contrition by saying that there were “good people” on both sides. A man cries out for his mother as he was robbed of breath. We ask the question, “How we can avoid this situation?” The answers lie far beyond this isolated incident. They are buried in the awareness and analysis of a long history of ...

  • COVID-19 and Racial Justice

    Blog Entry

    By Starane Shepherd, MD, Assistant Professor of Neurology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL Over the last year of this pandemic, I have taken care of a large number of patients with COVID-19 infections in our neurocritical care unit. At the height of the surge in Chicago, our unit became one of the COVID-19 ICU surge units and battled the health crisis sweeping through my city, Chicago, the United States and the world. While taking care of these patients, struggling for their every breath, one factor stood out to me: their race. Most of ...

  • By Matilda Dervisevic 1 , Chetan Sateesh Nayak 2  and Francisco Gomez 3 1 Univeristy of Missouri Medical School 2 Department of Neurology, University of Missouri 3 Department of Neurology, University of Missouri Refractory status epilepticus (RSE) is a condition in which there is continuing seizure activity despite the administration of two first-line agents. Super-refractory status epilepticus (SRSE) is described as continual RSE for 24 hours, or with recrudescence upon withdrawal of anesthetic agents. As a neurological emergency, RSE confers ...